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Complexity, Criticality and Computation (C³)

Complexity, Criticality and Computation (C³) PDF Author: Mikhail Prokopenko
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3038425141
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Complexity, Criticality and Computation (C³)" that was published in Entropy

Complexity, Criticality and Computation (C³)

Complexity, Criticality and Computation (C³) PDF Author: Mikhail Prokopenko
Publisher: MDPI
ISBN: 3038425141
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 268

Book Description
This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Complexity, Criticality and Computation (C³)" that was published in Entropy

Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation

Unconventional Computation and Natural Computation PDF Author: Jerome Durand-Lose
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642328946
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 252

Book Description
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Unconventional Computation, UC 2012, held in Orléans, France, during September 3-7, 2012. The 28 revised full papers presented were carefully selected from numerous submissions. Conference papers are organized in 4 technical sessions, covering topics of hypercomputation, chaos and dynamical systems based computing, granular, fuzzy and rough computing, mechanical computing, cellular, evolutionary, molecular, neural, and quantum computing, membrane computing, amorphous computing, swarm intelligence; artificial immune systems, physics of computation, chemical computation, evolving hardware, the computational nature of self-assembly, developmental processes, bacterial communication, and brain processes

Complexity and Criticality

Complexity and Criticality PDF Author: Kim Christensen
Publisher: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 186094504X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 392

Book Description
This book provides a challenging and stimulating introduction to the contemporary topics of complexity and criticality, and explores their common basis of scale invariance, a central unifying theme of the book.Criticality refers to the behaviour of extended systems at a phase transition where scale invariance prevails. The many constituent microscopic parts bring about macroscopic phenomena that cannot be understood by considering a single part alone. The phenomenology of phase transitions is introduced by considering percolation, a simple model with a purely geometrical phase transition, thus enabling the reader to become intuitively familiar with concepts such as scale invariance and renormalisation. The Ising model is then introduced, which captures a thermodynamic phase transition from a disordered to an ordered system as the temperature is lowered in zero external field. By emphasising analogies between percolation and the Ising model, the reader's intuition of phase transitions is developed so that the underlying theoretical formalism may be appreciated fully. These equilibrium systems undergo a phase transition only if an external agent finely tunes certain external parameters to particular values.Besides fractals and phase transitions, there are many examples in Nature of the emergence of such complex behaviour in slowly driven non-equilibrium systems: earthquakes in seismic systems, avalanches in granular media and rainfall in the atmosphere. A class of non-equilibrium systems, not constrained by having to tune external parameters to obtain critical behaviour, is addressed in the framework of simple models, revealing that the repeated application of simple rules may spontaneously give rise to emergent complex behaviour not encoded in the rules themselves. The common basis of complexity and criticality is identified and applied to a range of non-equilibrium systems. Finally, the reader is invited to speculate whether self-organisation in non-equilibrium systems might be a unifying concept for disparate fields such as statistical mechanics, geophysics and atmospheric physics.Visit http: //www.complexityandcriticality.com for animations for the models in the book (available for Windows and Linux), solutions to exercises, as well as a list with corrections.

Recent Findings in Intelligent Computing Techniques

Recent Findings in Intelligent Computing Techniques PDF Author: Pankaj Kumar Sa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811086338
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 609

Book Description
This three volume book contains the Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics (ICACNI 2017). The book focuses on the recent advancement of the broad areas of advanced computing, networking and informatics. It also includes novel approaches devised by researchers from across the globe. This book brings together academic scientists, professors, research scholars and students to share and disseminate information on knowledge and scientific research works related to computing, networking, and informatics to discuss the practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted. The book also promotes translation of basic research into applied investigation and convert applied investigation into practice.

Reconfigurable Computing

Reconfigurable Computing PDF Author: Scott Hauck
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556017
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 944

Book Description
Reconfigurable Computing marks a revolutionary and hot topic that bridges the gap between the separate worlds of hardware and software design— the key feature of reconfigurable computing is its groundbreaking ability to perform computations in hardware to increase performance while retaining the flexibility of a software solution. Reconfigurable computers serve as affordable, fast, and accurate tools for developing designs ranging from single chip architectures to multi-chip and embedded systems. Scott Hauck and Andre DeHon have assembled a group of the key experts in the fields of both hardware and software computing to provide an introduction to the entire range of issues relating to reconfigurable computing. FPGAs (field programmable gate arrays) act as the “computing vehicles to implement this powerful technology. Readers will be guided into adopting a completely new way of handling existing design concerns and be able to make use of the vast opportunities possible with reconfigurable logic in this rapidly evolving field. Designed for both hardware and software programmers Views of reconfigurable programming beyond standard programming languages Broad set of case studies demonstrating how to use FPGAs in novel and efficient ways

Robustness Analysis in Decision Aiding, Optimization, and Analytics

Robustness Analysis in Decision Aiding, Optimization, and Analytics PDF Author: Michael Doumpos
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319331213
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 321

Book Description
This book provides a broad coverage of the recent advances in robustness analysis in decision aiding, optimization, and analytics. It offers a comprehensive illustration of the challenges that robustness raises in different operations research and management science (OR/MS) contexts and the methodologies proposed from multiple perspectives. Aside from covering recent methodological developments, this volume also features applications of robust techniques in engineering and management, thus illustrating the robustness issues raised in real-world problems and their resolution within advances in OR/MS methodologies. Robustness analysis seeks to address issues by promoting solutions, which are acceptable under a wide set of hypotheses, assumptions and estimates. In OR/MS, robustness has been mostly viewed in the context of optimization under uncertainty. Several scholars, however, have emphasized the multiple facets of robustness analysis in a broader OR/MS perspective that goes beyond the traditional framework, seeking to cover the decision support nature of OR/MS methodologies as well. As new challenges emerge in a “big-data'” era, where the information volume, speed of flow, and complexity increase rapidly, and analytics play a fundamental role for strategic and operational decision-making at a global level, robustness issues such as the ones covered in this book become more relevant than ever for providing sound decision support through more powerful analytic tools.

Reviews of Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity

Reviews of Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity PDF Author: Heinz Georg Schuster
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527630974
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 260

Book Description
Written in a style that breaks the barriers between the disciplines, this monograph enables researchers from life science, physics, engineering, or chemistry to access the most recent results in a common language. The resulting review character of this project sets it apart from specialized journals, and allows each volume to respond quickly to new developments. This third volume contains new topics ranging from chaotic computing, via random dice tossing and stochastic limit-cycle oscillators, to a number theoretic example of self-organized criticality, wave localization in complex networks and anomalous diffusion. A first-class board of international scientists advises the editor, such that the carefully selected and invited contributions represent the latest and most relevant findings.

Theory and Engineering of Complex Systems and Dependability

Theory and Engineering of Complex Systems and Dependability PDF Author: Wojciech Zamojski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319192167
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 604

Book Description
Building upon a long tradition of scientifi c conferences dealing with problems of reliability in technical systems, in 2006 Department of Computer Engineering at Wrocław University of Technology established DepCoS-RELCOMEX series of events in order to promote a comprehensive approach to evaluation of system performability which is now commonly called dependability. Contemporary complex systems integrate variety of technical, information, soft ware and human (users, administrators and management) resources. Their complexity comes not only from involved technical and organizational structures but mainly from complexity of information processes that must be implemented in specific operational environment (data processing, monitoring, management, etc.). In such a case traditional methods of reliability evaluation focused mainly on technical levels are insufficient and more innovative, multidisciplinary methods of dependability analysis must be applied. Selection of submissions for these proceedings exemplify diversity of topics that must be included in such analyses: tools, methodologies and standards for modelling, design and simulation of the systems, security and confidentiality in information processing, specific issues of heterogeneous, today often wireless, computer networks, or management of transportation networks. In addition, this edition of the conference hosted the 5th CrISS-DESSERT Workshop devoted to the problems of security and safety in critical information systems.

AI*IA 2015 Advances in Artificial Intelligence

AI*IA 2015 Advances in Artificial Intelligence PDF Author: Marco Gavanelli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319243098
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 480

Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, A*IA 2015, held in Ferrara, Italy, in September 2015. The 35 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 44 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on swarm intelligence and genetic algorithms; computer vision; multi-agents systems; knowledge representation and reasoning; machine learning; semantic Web; natural language; and scheduling, planning and robotics.

Handbook of Memristor Networks

Handbook of Memristor Networks PDF Author: Leon Chua
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 331976375X
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 1368

Book Description
This Handbook presents all aspects of memristor networks in an easy to read and tutorial style. Including many colour illustrations, it covers the foundations of memristor theory and applications, the technology of memristive devices, revised models of the Hodgkin-Huxley Equations and ion channels, neuromorphic architectures, and analyses of the dynamic behaviour of memristive networks. It also shows how to realise computing devices, non-von Neumann architectures and provides future building blocks for deep learning hardware. With contributions from leaders in computer science, mathematics, electronics, physics, material science and engineering, the book offers an indispensable source of information and an inspiring reference text for future generations of computer scientists, mathematicians, physicists, material scientists and engineers working in this dynamic field.